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introductions to literary criticism, this book explores the philosophical assumptions of to Theory and Practice (5th Edition) by Charles E. Bressler Free PDF. Literary criticism: an introduction to theory by Charles E Bressler. Literary criticism: an introduction to theory and practice. by Charles E Bressler. Print book . (Free read ebook) Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice (A Charles E. Bressler. *Download PDF | ePub | DOC | audiobook | ebooks.
New Historicism brings historical context to the foreground, and also redefines history.
This school declares that all history is subjective—any historian is necessarily biased by milieu, economic conditions, personality, etc. He finds much use in the writings of Foucault, who argued that history was not linear or purposeful or a series of cause and effects.
Foucault saw finding historical truth as a process of piecing many different narratives and artifacts together. Essentially, this school gives history a crucial place in the interpretive process.
I learned to analyze a text poetry especially through the magical lens of close reading. This was more or less the only way of reading that I was taught, and boy, did it have an impact on me!
I was good at it, for one close reading let me apply my neurotic sensitivity to a text! I could acknowledge weirdness and ambiguity but still have an overarching interpretation and conclusion. I could focus only on the words on the page, which, in a way, seemed like the ultimate respect to the author—I will grapple only with the world you have given me. Honestly, until I started my M. I realize now, I was expecting my reader to be a New Critic! But it was HUGE for me to realize that I was stabbing at every poem given to me in workshop, in a book with the tools of the New Critic—and this toolkit does not work for every poem.
Granted, I avoided classes that were theory based. I was, after all, an English major. How about in that sophomore seminar we all had to take?
Actually, no. I did take one theory class at Harvard. The Theory of Metaphor, a graduate class which I sat in on and understood very little.
It was lots of philosophical and linguistic takes on the metaphor. But to continue my ranting. In my actual English classes, the professor and TFs never told us how they thought one should write an essay. Now I wonder—where any of my peers writing Marxist or Structuralist or Deconstructionist analyses of texts? I close read over and over, and got no complaints.
But man, did I just do my own thing. No one ever questioned how I argued. All this to say—Harvard, your English department probably should have mandated theory. I graduated thinking there was only one right way to read and to analyze a literary text.
Nobody every challenged this assumption. It is definitely true that I never sought out a professor for a conversation, but I did have to meet with TFs to talk about papers! This is why we should have had to take theory. A newly updated glossary for all highlighted terms within the book is included. Specific Website addresses that take students directly to List Servers and Home Pages concerning literary theory and criticism is also provided. From the Publisher: This introduction to literary theory and criticism -- its historical development and the variety of theoretical positions or schools of criticism -- is designed to help students make conscious, informed, and intelligent choices concerning their own methods of literary interpretation.
All rights reserved. In all three editions, the purpose of this text has always remained the same: to enable students to approach literature from a variety of practical and theoretical perspectives and to equip them with a theoretical and a practical understanding of how critics develop their interpretations. Its overall aim is to take the mystery out of working with and interpreting texts. Like the first and second editions, the third edition holds to several key premises.
First, I assume that there is no such thing as an "innocent" reading of a text. Whether our responses to a text are emotional and spontaneous or well reasoned and highly structured, all of our interpretations are based on underlying factors that cause us to respond in a particular way.
What elicits these responses, and how a reader makes sense out of a text, is what really matters. It is the domain of literary theory to question our initial and all our further responses, our beliefs, our values, our feelings, and our eventual, overall interpretation. To understand why we respond to a text in a certain way, we must first understand literary theory and criticism.
Second, since our responses to any text have theoretical bases, I presume that all readers have a literary theory. Consciously or unconsciously, as readers we have developed a mind-set that fits or encompasses our expectations when reading any text.
Somehow we all seem able to make sense of a text. Most literary theories are listed in depth in this book, the good, the bad and the ugly: Sep 17, Yusak Lie rated it really liked it. A concise introduction of Literary Criticism.
The examples are very easy of Literary Criticism. The examples are very easy to understand. It's good for beginners to learn various approches and theory to literary criticism. Great thing I decided to get a doctorate in something other than literature.
This book is a nice reminder how much "critics" and "scholars" love to rip apart art and try to redefine it for their own means. Great introduction to literary criticism. Bressler provides excellent summaries of the main literary theories and instills in the reader the ability to apply those theories to any piece of literature. Dec 05, Mia rated it really liked it.
I read this for a college class. The book was organized very nicely. I personally hated the book because literary criticism bores me, but the book was so well-done that I couldn't give it a bad review. Jun 28, Natalie rated it it was amazing Shelves: I had the immense pleasure of reading this text when I was in college, and it changed the way that I read literature as well as how and why I write.
I would highly suggest this book to any serious literary scholars! Even for a stupid undergraduate who knows nothing of the subject, it gets boring frequently. The questions at the end of each chapter are also no help. Good introduction for any English Major Undergrad. A go-to resource. Mar 10, bellatuscana bellatuscana rated it did not like it.
I'm glad I'm done reading it. Now I'll have to reread it for finals. Jul 24, James rated it it was amazing. A well-paced overview of twentieth and twenty-first century schools of thought. Russian Formalists: Art as artifact New Critics s to s: Modernism Questioning of existence of objective reality and the fixed nature of aesthetic forms. Concern with how perception works rather than t A well-paced overview of twentieth and twenty-first century schools of thought. Concern with how perception works rather than the object of perception.
Mikhail Bakhtin and Louise M. Art as event.
Postmodernism Jacque Derrida, Michel Foucault. No objective truth, no ultimate reality, no metanarrative. Ferdinand de Saussure, founder of modern linguistics. Claude Levi-Strauss, Roland Barthe. Signs and symbols.
Systems of language, how texts participate in larger cultural contexts. Emphasizes the perceiver, the act of perception, the operation of consciousness. Subjective Criticism: Each section has a history of that school of thought, its main points, its methodology, questions that particular type of critic would ask of a reading selection, and then how to integrate those questions into reading the sample "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
The only drawback is that I hate when books are written under the assumption they'll be used in class. For example, when Bressler here says "Be prepared to discuss your answers in class," it grates on my nerves.
Two, I'm not reading this for class! It's like you're alienating the people who are reading your book just for personal enrichment. Good as a survey of various literary theories, this textbook lacks actual examples of criticism in practice. It is very easy to understand, which isn't always true in dealing with theoretical texts, as you quickly discover by reading the Derrida essay in the back.
However, the "practice" in the title refers to the practice of the student himself in applying a set of questions for analysis to the early Nathaniel Hawthorne short story "Young Goodman Brown. One of the greatest American short stories. However, each technique used feels like a shot in the dark, since there are no examples of actual criticism other than the very last essay on ecocriticism. Unless you have a professor telling you that you are on the right track, you find yourself questioning whether or not you are really analyzing the text from a Russian formalist perspective, for example, or if you are way off course in your understanding.
Aug 29, Joseph rated it it was amazing. I strongly recommend that anyone who is interested in the subject at hand to read this book. I closely read, taking copious notes of the different schools' assumptions, methodologies, and histories. In terms of clarity, Bressler writes in a very clear, succinct fashion, and it's never hard to understand what he's elucidating or expounding on.
You'll gain a pretty comprehensive knowledge of the gist of each school of criticism, which will in turn lead you to read more in depth about specifics.
He I strongly recommend that anyone who is interested in the subject at hand to read this book. He supplies a list of references after each chapter so you're set in that aspect. I was particularly interested in Cultural Poetics, so I'll do some more reading on Foucault and the other intellectuals who were either involved or influence that theory. Bressler has plenty of criticisms, including: Gay and Lesbian Criticism, and Ecocriticism. I felt it was pretty interesting learning how to decipher any story to find its meaning with the concepts of each criticism and learning how to think like each critic when analyzing the structure of a story to understand its meaning.
Sep 07, lulzcannon rated it really liked it Recommends it for: Someone looking for a solid foundation in the basics of literary criticism. A good foundational book for undergrads that may seem overly simplistic at times but delivers a decent amount of historical and applicable information concerning different schools of literary criticism. It even includes step by step bullet points on how to analyze a text based on particular perspective.
While the grad students in my class often joked that this text was about on par with a "For Dummies Dec 02, Hamed rated it liked it. I read this as a student. It certainly has its merits, but it has a major drawback.
For certain schools it's not well focused and well organised, it seems as if there was so much material around that the author couldn't finally make up his mind and decide what he wants to put in the book and what he wants to leave out, so he just decided to start writing and see what happens.
Gets confusing sometimes. Feb 03, Vijeta rated it it was amazing Shelves: This is a gem of a book. I used it as a guide along with Barry's Beginning Theory. I'd read Barry first and then dip into Bressler's ideas on the same topic. I was having a lot of trouble with Post Structuralism and Deconstruction and this one offered light where only darkness seemed possible. One complaint though. It clubs post structuralism and PoMo together and although they share ideas, yet I felt they should have been dealt separately.
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