Jeremy Harmer, Series Editor How to Teach English is a practical guide for teachers who are at an early stage in their careers and for those studying for the. Jeremy Harmer. Longman teach. School downloadrs may make copies for use by their staff and Ho How to Teach English (How to) Pages·· Ideas for Teaching Citizenship - Ian Davies. Ideas for Teaching Creativity - Stephen Bowkett. Ideas for Teaching English - Angella Cooze.
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This text is aimed for teachers at an early stage in their careers and for teachers preparing for examinations such as 'The Certificate in English. Teaching English: A Handbook for Primary and Secondary School Teachers rutalchondbulsio.gq%20education/publications/Black%rutalchondbulsio.gq (accessed 6. rutalchondbulsio.gq - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online.
Young children who acquire language rather than consciously learn it, as older children and adults have to, are more likely to have better pronunciation and feel for the language and culture.
When monolingual children reach puberty and become more self-conscious, their ability to pick up language diminishes and they feel they have to consciously study English through grammar-based programmes. Stages in picking up English Spoken language comes naturally before reading and writing.
During this time parents should not force children to take part in spoken dialogue by making them repeat words. Where the adult uses parentese an adjusted form of speech to facilitate learning, the child may use many of the same strategies they used in learning their home language.
The child has memorised them, imitating the pronunciation exactly without realising that some may consist of more than one word.
This stage continues for some time as they child picks up more language using it as a short cut to dialogue before they are ready to create their own phrases. Depending on the frequency of exposure to English and the quality of experience, children gradually begin to create whole sentences.
Though they may not understand everything they hear in their home language, children grasp the gist — that is they understand a few important words and decipher the rest using different clues to interpret the meaning. Frustration After the initial novelty of English sessions, some young children become frustrated by their inability to express their thoughts in English. Others want to speak quickly in English as they can in their home language. Mistakes Children should not be told they have made a mistake because any correction immediately demotivates.
Mistakes may be part of the process of working out grammar rules of English or they may be a fault in pronunciation. As in learning their home language, if children have an opportunity to hear the adult repeat the same piece of language correctly, they will self-correct in their own time. If young boys are to reach their potential, they need some different language experiences with girls and their achievements should not be compared with those of girls.
Young children need to feel secure and know that there is some obvious reason for using English.
Activities are accompanied by adult language giving a running commentary about what is going on and dialogues using adjusted parentese language.
English sessions are fun and interesting, concentrating on concepts children have already understood in their home language. In this way children are not learning two things, a new concept as well as new language, but merely learning the English to talk about something they already know.
Activities are backed up by specific objects, where possible, as this helps understanding and increases general interest. Reading Children who can already read in their home language generally want to find out how to read in English.
They already know how to decode words in their home language to get meaning from text and, if not helped to decode in English, may transfer their home language-decoding techniques and end up reading English with the home language accent. Before they can decode English, young children need to know the 26 alphabet letter names and sounds. It's only a week long - I have no clue what to do!
First things first.
If you have accepted to teach a You are a teacher of ESL, but you are looking for a change. What now? These articles look at many of the options open to the ESL teacher and are designed to help you make the best decision as you take the next step on your ESL career path. Looking for an ESL Job? Here are some ways to get their pulse quickening and the letters in the right order.
Using a current vocabulary list, have each student write the letters for one word on index cards — one le Men and women, young and old travel great distances to attend colleges and universities.
Many of them, though, must improve their English skills before they are accepted to the programs they desire.